• An algorithm is a step-by-step procedure for solving a problem. It is used for calculation, data processing and automated reasoning. An algorithm can tell a computer what the author wants it to do, the computer then implements it, following each step, to accomplish the goal.

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the theory and development of computer systems that can do tasks that normally require human intelligence. This includes decision making, visual perception, speech recognition, learning and problem solving.  Current AI systems are capable of specific tasks such as internet searches, translating text or driving a car.

  • AI-informed decision making is made possible where AI, including through machine learning, applies and/or adjusts algorithms to big datasets. It can be used in areas such as risk assessment in policing.

  • Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) Artificial General Intelligence is an emerging area of AI research and refers to the development of AI systems that would have cognitive function similar to humans in their ability to learn and think. This means they would be able to accomplish more sophisticated cognitive tasks than current AI systems.   

  • Assistive technology is the overarching term for technology that is specifically designed to support a person with a disability perform a task. An example of an assistive technology is a screen reader, which can assist a person who is blind, or who has a vision impairment, to read the content of a website. Correctly implemented universal design supports assistive technology when required.  

  • Big data refers to the diverse sets of information produced in large volumes and processed at high speeds using AI. Data collected is analysed to understand trends and make predictions. AI can automatically process and analyse millions of data-sets quickly and efficiently and give it meaning. 

  • Bitcoin is a system of open source peer-to-peer software for the creation and exchange of a type of a digital currency that can be encrypted. This is known as a cryptocurrency. Bitcoin is the first such system to be fully functional. Bitcoin operates through a distributed ledger such as Blockchain.

  • Blockchain is the foundation of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. Blockchain is an ever-growing set of data or information blocks that is shared and can continuously be updated simultaneously. These blocks can be stored across the internet, cannot be controlled by a single entity and have no sole point of failure.

  • A Chatbot is a computer program that simulates human conversation through voice commands or text or both. For example, in banking, a limited bot may be used to ask the caller questions to understand their needs. However, the Chatbot cannot understand a request if the customer responds with a different answer.

  • Data sovereignty is the concept that information which has been converted and stored is subject to the laws of the country in which it is located. Within the context of Indigenous rights, data sovereignty recognises the rights of Indigenous peoples to govern the collection, ownership and application of their data.   

  • Digital economy refers to economic and social activities that are supported by information and communications technologies. This includes purchasing goods and services, banking and accessing education or entertainment using the internet and connected devices like smart phones. The digital economy impacts all industries and business types and influences the way we interact with each other every day.

  • The fourth industrial revolution refers to the fusion of technologies that blur the lines between physical, digital and biological spheres. This includes emerging technologies such as robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, nanotechnology, The Internet of Things, and autonomous vehicles. Earlier phases of the industrial revolution are; phase one mechanised production with water and steam; phase two mass production with electricity; and phase three automated production with electronics and information technology. 

  • Machine learning is an application of AI that enables computers to automatically learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed by a person. This is done by the computer collecting and using data to learn for themselves. For example, an email spam filter collecting data on known spam terminology and unknown email addresses, merging that information and making a prediction to identify and filter sources of spam.

  • The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the ability of any device with an on and off switch to be connected to the internet and send and receive data. For example, on a personal level a coffee could brew when an alarm goes off, on a larger scale ‘smart cities’ could use devices to collect and analyse data to reduce waste and congestion. 

  • Universal design refers to an accessible and inclusive approach to designing products and services, focusing on ensuring that people with disability, as well as others with specialised needs, are able to use those products and services. Applying universal design to technology means designing products, environments, programmes and services so they can be used by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for specialised or adapted features.  Correctly implemented universal design supports assistive technology when required.